Workers' Day is a national public holiday in South Africa and since 1994,
it has been celebrated on 1 May of each year. It has its origins within the historical
struggles of workers and their trade unions internationally for solidarity between
working people in their struggles to win fair employment standards and more importantly,
to establish a culture of human and worker rights and to ensure that these are enshrined in
international law and the national law of those countries aligned to the
International Labour Organisation.
In pre-1994 South Africa, the demand for the annual observance of the day as a public holiday
became a rallying point for workers and their trade unions and was one of a number of
annually significant days to symbolise and mobilise resistance to the Apartheid government
and its racial policies.