Unemployment Rate
2000 - 2023
Chart is generated for a range of 22 year only

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Unemployment Rate
2000 - 2023
Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
2005 8.9 8.8 9.0 9.1 9.3 9.4 9.3 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.4 9.3 2005
2006 9.2 9.2 8.9 8.9 8.5 8.8 8.7 8.7 8.4 8.4 8.4 8.6 2006
2007 8.4 8.6 8.5 8.8 8.8 8.9 8.8 8.8 8.9 9.2 9.2 9.0 2007
2008 8.9 9.1 9.0 8.8 8.9 9.3 9.7 9.6 10.0 10.3 11.3 11.6 2008
2009 12.1 12.4 13.0 13.3 13.2 12.9 12.7 12.9 12.6 12.2 11.8 11.5 2009
2010 11.7 11.4 11.4 10.8 10.7 10.4 10.4 10.7 10.6 10.3 9.8 9.6 2010
2011 9.5 9.1 9.0 9.0 9.3 9.2 9.0 8.7 8.2 8.3 8.1 8.2 2011
2012 8.0 8.2 8.1 8.1 8.0 7.8 8.0 8.1 8.3 8.2 8.3 8.4 2012
2013 8.4 8.3
Check U-1, U-2, U-3 (official), U-4, U-5 and U-6 unemployment rates in US
What is U6 unemployment rate ?

The U6 unemployment rate counts not only people without work seeking full-time employment (the more familiar U-3 rate), but also counts "marginally attached workers and those working part-time for economic reasons." Note that some of these part-time workers counted as employed by U-3 could be working as little as an hour a week. And the "marginally attached workers" include those who have gotten discouraged and stopped looking, but still want to work. The age considered for this calculation is 16 years and over

Quick Links : Unemployment Rates during Presidencies
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Statistical concepts and definitions

The definitions of employment and unemployment, as well as other survey characteristics follow the definitions and recommendations of the International Labour Organisation. The definition of unemployment is further precised in Commission Regulation (EC) No 1897/2000.

The unemployment rate represents unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force based on International Labour Office (ILO) definition. The labour force is the total number of people employed and unemployed. Unemployed persons comprise persons aged 15 to 74 who: - are without work during the reference week; - are available to start work within the next two weeks; - and have been actively seeking work in the past four weeks or had already found a job to start within the next three months.

This domain comprises collections of monthly, quarterly and annual averages of unemployed persons and unemployment rates. The relevant definitions are as follows:

  • Unemployed Persons:
  • Unemployed persons are all persons 15 to 74 years of age (16 to 74 years in ES, SE (1995-2000), UK, IS and NO) who were not employed during the reference week, had actively sought work during the past four weeks and were ready to begin working immediately or within two weeks. Figures show the number of persons unemployed in thousands.

    The duration of unemployment is defined as the duration of a search for a job or as the length of the period since the last job was held (if this period is shorter than the duration of search for a job).

  • Employed Persons:
  • Employed persons are all persons who worked at least one hour for pay or profit during the reference week or were temporarily absent from such work. This variable is needed for the calculation of the unemployment rate, the long term unemployment rate and the very long term unemployment rate (see definition below). For the unemployment rate, only persons from 15 to 74 years of age are used.

  • Unemployment Rate:
  • The unemployment rate is the number of people unemployed as a percentage of the labour force. The labour force is the total number of people employed and unemployed.

  • Long Term Unemployment Rate:
  • The long term unemployment rate is the share of unemployed persons since 12 months or more in the total number of active persons in the labour market. Active persons are those who are either employed or unemployed.

  • Long Term Unemployment Share:
  • Long term unemployment share is the share of the unemployed persons since 12 months or more in the total number of unemployed.

  • Very Long Term Unemployment Rate:
  • Very long term unemployment rate is the share of the unemployed persons since 24 months or more in the total number of active persons in the labour market.

EA16 :
The euro area (EA16) consists of Belgium, Germany, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Italy, Cyprus, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Austria, Portugal, Slovenia, Slovakia and Finland.

EA27 :
The EU27 includes Belgium (BE), Bulgaria (BG), the Czech Republic (CZ), Denmark (DK), Germany (DE), Estonia (EE), Ireland (IE), Greece (EL), Spain (ES), France (FR), Italy (IT), Cyprus (CY), Latvia (LV), Lithuania (LT), Luxembourg (LU), Hungary (HU), Malta (MT), the Netherlands (NL), Austria (AT), Poland (PL), Portugal (PT), Romania (RO), Slovenia (SI), Slovakia (SK), Finland (FI), Sweden (SE) and the United Kingdom (UK).

Eurostat produces harmonised unemployment rates for individual EU Member States, the euro area and the EU. These unemployment rates are based on the definition recommended by the International Labour Organisation (ILO). The measurement is based on a harmonised source, the European Union Labour Force Survey (LFS).