Number of Banks Failed in year 1994


* Dollar amounts in thousands
# Institution Location Date Closed Deposits Assets Estimated Loss
1 MECHANICS NATIONAL BANK PARAMOUNT, CA 1994-04-01 148881 148713 47674
2 SUPERIOR NATIONAL BANK KANSAS CITY, MO 1994-04-14 19618 19970 3650
3 COMMERCIAL BANK AND TRUST COMPANY LOWELL, MA 1994-05-06 29762 30274 3750
5 ENCINO SAVINGS BANK, FSB ENCINO, CA 1994-06-03 89098 92470 8371
6 THE BANK OF HARTFORD HARTFORD, CT 1994-06-10 276016 321457 13815
8 PIONEER BANK FULLERTON, CA 1994-07-08 128382 133250 14515
9 BANK OF SAN PEDRO LOS ANGELES, CA 1994-07-15 128303 132636 28821
10 COMMERCE BANK NEWPORT BEACH, CA 1994-07-29 138296 142315 14107
11 WESTERN COMMUNITY BANK CORONA, CA 1994-07-29 53141 54013 2618
12 BANK OF NEWPORT NEWPORT BEACH, CA 1994-08-12 161785 167802 28711
13 CAPITAL BANK DOWNEY, CA 1994-08-26 74408 76892 17839
14 LUDLOW SAVINGS BANK LUDLOW, MA 1994-10-21 229130 222671 2866
15 CORNERSTONE BANK FSB MISSION VIEJO, CA 1994-12-16 38410 44345 5734

Quick Links
Yearly Failed Banks List
Historical Bank Failures(Since 1934)
Failed Banks Map
Asset-wise List

US Bank Failures Since 1934
FDIC Bank Failures since 1990

Cost of Bank Failures to FDIC

Total Deposits of All Banks Insured by FDIC since 1990

Cost of Bank Failures to FDIC

The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation is an independent federal agency created in 1933 to promote public confidence and stability in the nation's banking system. The FDIC is often appointed as receiver for failed banks.

What is a bank failure?
A bank failure is the closing of a bank by a federal or state banking regulatory agency. Generally, a bank is closed when it is unable to meet its obligations to depositors and others. This brochure deals with the failure of "insured banks." The term "insured bank" means a bank insured by FDIC, including banks chartered by the federal government as well as most banks chartered by the state governments. An insured bank must display an official FDIC sign at each teller window.

What is FDIC's role in a bank failure?
In the event of a bank failure, the FDIC acts in two capacities. First, as the insurer of the bank's deposits, the FDIC pays insurance to the depositors up to the insurance limit. Second, the FDIC, as the "Receiver" of the failed bank, assumes the task of selling/collecting the assets of the failed bank and settling its debts, including claims for deposits in excess of the insured limit.

What is the purpose of FDIC deposit insurance?
The FDIC protects depositors' funds in the unlikely event of the financial failure of their bank or savings institution. FDIC deposit insurance covers the balance of each depositor's account, dollar-for-dollar, up to the insurance limit, including principal and any accrued interest through the date of the insured bank's closing.

What is the FDIC insurance amount?
The standard insurance amount is $250,000 per depositor, per insured bank, for each ownership category. This includes principal and accrued interest and applies to all depositors of an insured bank. Deposits in separate branches of an insured bank are not separately insured. Deposits in one insured bank are insured separately from deposits in another insured bank. Deposits maintained in different categories of legal ownership at the same bank can be separately insured. Therefore, it is possible to have deposits of more than $250,000 at one insured bank and still be fully insured. For more information on deposit insurance coverage, see the FDIC's brochure "Your Insured Deposits" which can be accessed at

Who does the FDIC insure?
Any person or entity can have FDIC insurance on a deposit. A depositor does not have to be a citizen, or even a resident of the United States. FDIC insurance only protects depositors, although some depositors may also be creditors or shareholders of an insured bank.

What does FDIC deposit insurance cover?
FDIC insurance covers deposits received at an insured bank. Types of deposit products include checking, NOW, and savings accounts, money market deposit accounts (MMDA), and time deposits such as certificates of deposit (CDs).

What is the source of funding used by the FDIC to pay insured depositors of a failed bank?
The FDIC's deposit insurance fund consists of premiums already paid by insured banks and interest earnings on its investment portfolio of U.S. Treasury securities. No federal or state tax revenues are involved.

How am I notified when my bank has been closed?
The FDIC notifies each depositor in writing using the depositor's address on record with the bank. This notification is mailed immediately after the bank closes. When the failed bank is acquired by another bank; the assuming bank also notifies the depositors. This notification usually is mailed with the first bank statement after the assumption.

Source :  Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

Notes :

* The Cost to DIF of $2.5 billion for "California National Bank" failed on 30th October,2009 is the total cost for all the 9 banks failed on that.